is situated upon two hills, once separated by a riverbed. On the
eastern hill is the new town, with modern architectural features;
on the other top, set out to west, the trulli are lined up in an
urban conglomeration, subdivided into two districts: Monti and Aia
Piccola, both National Monuments today World Heritage.
agricoltural landscape is characterized by a thick vegetation of
almonds and olives, which thrive on karstic land.
the birth of Alberobello, it is from the stratified calcareous rock
that it has been taken the building materials, used for the trulli
history of this unusual town dates back to the second half of the
XVI century, when, being a little feud under the control of the
Acquaviva family, Counts of Conversano, it began to be filled up
with farmers who made the (so called) Selva a fruitful land.
authorized the colonists to build dry dwellings, in order to get
them easily pulled down in case of royal inspection; as a matter
of fact, according to the 'Prammatica de Baronibus', the birth of
an urban conglomeration required the payment of a tax. This trick
allowed then to spare this unjust tax..
was the year 1797 and a group of brave people from Alberobello,
tired of their precarious condition, went to Taranto to ask for
help to king Ferdinando IV of Bourbons who listened and made a promise
On the 27th of may 1797, the king sent a Decree
by means of which the little village became free. The trullo dwellings
are dominated by the external use of sheets, the chiancole, which
cover the conic roof and create a wonderful urban centre, unique
in the world, that today everybody come and admire.